News, Events, Birthdays, History - June 18 - June 24
Garfield - June 19, 1978
The Garfield comic strip began on this day in 1978. Originally created with the intentions to "come up with a good, marketable character", Garfield has become commercially successful, with merchandise earning $750 million to $1 billion annually. In addition to the various merchandise and commercial tie-ins, the strip has spawned several animated television specials, two animated television series, two theatrical feature-length live-action films and three animated direct-to-video movies.
Moe Howard - June 19, 1897
Who is Moe Howard, you ask?? Does "The Three Stooges" ring a bell? Yes, Moe of Moe, Larry and Curly fame, was born on this day in 1897. The Three Stooges were an American vaudeville and comedy act of the early to mid–20th century best known for their numerous short subject films. Their hallmark was physical slapstick comedy punctuated by quickly-delivered one-liners, within outrageous story lines.
War of 1812 Declaration - June 18, 1812
On June 18th in 1812, Congress declared war on Great Britain beginning the War of 1812. The war would continue through 1815.
The stated causes for the U.S. declaration of war included a series of trade restrictions introduced by Britain to impede American trade with France, the impressment (forced recruitment) of U.S. citizens into the Royal Navy, and third, the British military support for American Indians who were offering armed resistance to the expansion of the American frontier to the Northwest.
June 20, 1975 - "Jaws" Film Released
Adapted from a Peter Benchley bestseller, Jaws showed a great white shark preying on the beachgoers of a New England town. It won three Oscars, and is regarded as a watershed film in motion picture history, the father of the summer blockbuster movie and one of the first "high concept" films. Prior to the release of Jaws, films had opened slowly, usually in a few theaters in major cities.When Jaws was released on June 20, 1975, it opened at 465 theaters, and to 675 theaters on July 25th. This was the largest simultaneous distribution of a film in motion picture history. During the first weekend of wide release, Jaws grossed more than $7 million. The film would go on to gross more than $470 million worldwide ($1.9 billion in 2008 dollars) and was the highest grossing box office film until Star Wars debuted two years later.
Hurricane Agnes Anniversary - June 21 - 26, 1972
Hurricane Agnes was the first tropical storm and first hurricane of the 1972 Atlantic hurricane season. A rare June hurricane, it made landfall on the Florida Panhandle before moving northeastward and ravaging the Mid-Atlantic region as a tropical storm. The worst damage occurred along a swath from central Maryland through central Pennsylvania to the southern Finger Lakes region of New York, as illustrated by the rainfall map below. Agnes brought heavy rainfall along its path, killing 129 and causing $11.6 billion (2005 US dollars) in damage, with railroad damage so extensive it contributed to the creation of Conrail. At the time, it was the most damaging hurricane ever recorded, surpassing Hurricane Betsy, and it would not be surpassed until Hurricane Frederic in 1979.
Berlin Airlift Begins - June 24, 1948
The airlift was in response to the Soviet Union's blockade of Berlin in their attempt to gain practical control over the city. The United States Air Force, Royal Air Force, and other Commonwealth nations flew over 200,000 flights that provided 13,000 tons of food daily for the next year. By the spring of 1949, the effort was clearly succeeding, and by April of 1949 the airlift was delivering more cargo than had previously flowed into the city via rail.
The success of the Airlift was humiliating to the Soviets, who had repeatedly claimed it could never possibly work. When it became clear that it did work, the blockade was lifted in May. One lasting legacy of the Airlift is the three airports in the former western zones of the city, which served as the primary gateways to Berlin for another fifty years.
by Nathaniel Philbrick
Nathaniel Philbrick, the bestselling author of In the Heart of the Sea and Mayflower, brings his prodigious talents to the story of the Boston battle that ignited the American Revolution.
Boston in 1775 is an island city occupied by British troops after a series of incendiary incidents by patriots who range from sober citizens to thuggish vigilantes. After the Boston Tea Party, British and American soldiers and Massachusetts residents have warily maneuvered around each other until April 19, when violence finally erupts at Lexington and Concord. In June, however, with the city cut off from supplies by a British blockade and Patriot militia poised in siege, skirmishes give way to outright war in the Battle of Bunker Hill. It would be the bloodiest battle of the Revolution to come, and the point of no return for the rebellious colonists.
Philbrick brings a fresh perspective to every aspect of the story. He finds new characters, and new facets to familiar ones. The real work of choreographing rebellion falls to a thirty-three year old physician named Joseph Warren who emerges as the on-the-ground leader of the Patriot cause and is fated to die at Bunker Hill. Others in the cast include Paul Revere, Warren’s fiancé the poet Mercy Scollay, a newly recruited George Washington, the reluctant British combatant General Thomas Gage and his more bellicose successor William Howe, who leads the three charges at Bunker Hill and presides over the claustrophobic cauldron of a city under siege as both sides play a nervy game of brinkmanship for control.
With passion and insight, Philbrick reconstructs the revolutionary landscape—geographic and ideological—in a mesmerizing narrative of the robust, messy, blisteringly real origins of America.